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  Calli Rathsam   October 28, 2015   Illness, Sore throat 0 Comments

4 common causes of a sore throat

Velocity Care reviews symptoms of and treatments for sore throats

bigstock-Throat-Exam-6469534A sore throat is often the first sign of a variety of illnesses that can range in severity from mild to serious. Sore throats commonly occur as the seasons change; however, that isn’t the only defining factor in determining an illness. Here, Velocity Care listed the top four common sore throat causes and various treatment options below.

1. Allergies: A sore throat caused by allergies is your body’s response to airborne allergens in your immediate environment. A post-nasal drip (congestion in the sinuses draining down the throat and causing a tickling or scratchy pain) is the leading cause of allergy-related sore throats. Common treatments are:

  • Allergy medication

  • Removing or avoiding known allergens whenever possible

  • Flushing the sinuses using a neti pot

2. Cold: A sore throat can worsen with coughing and is usually the first sign that a cold is brewing in your system. Other symptoms of the common cold are headaches and a stuffy or runny nose. While there is no known cure for the common cold, there are a few treatment options to help soothe the symptoms:

  • Over-the-counter cold medicine

  • Drinking warm liquids like tea

  • Drinking plenty of water

  • Lozenges and numbing spray

  • Gargling with warm salt water

3. Strep throat: The streptococcus bacterium, transferred through contact with an infected person’s saliva or mucus, causes strep throat. Strep can infect people of any age, but is most common in school-aged children. Presence of a fever commonly points to strep, though a doctor will need to officially diagnose. If left untreated, strep can develop into a serious condition that causes damage to the heart valves. Treatments and ways to soothe symptoms include:

  • Antibiotics

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers

  • Rest

  • Gargling with warm salt water

  • Drinking plenty of water

  • Warm liquids and soups

4. Tonsillitis: Tonsillitis refers to inflammation in the tonsils as a result of bacteria or a virus. Symptoms include sore throat, bad breath, fever, pain while swallowing and swollen lymph glands in the neck. Common treatments include:

  • Rest

  • Plenty of fluids

  • Eating smooth, soft foods (gelatin, pudding, mashed potatoes, broth)

  • Antibiotics (if caused by bacteria)

  • Pain relievers

  • Removing the tonsils

While most people don’t see a sore throat as a pressing enough reason to see a doctor, if your pain is severe, persists longer than five to seven days or is not associated with an avoidable allergy or irritation, you should seek medical attention.

The board-certified emergency medicine physicians at Velocity Care are committed to providing premier medical care with little or no wait for you and your family. Visit www.velocitycare.com/locations to find a clinic near you so we can help you feel better.

Caring for strep throat 

Photo credit: www.Bigstockphoto.com

Medical disclaimer

This site offers medical, health, fitness and nutritional information and is designed for educational purposes only. General information found on this website is not intended to diagnose any medical condition or to replace your health care professional.

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