Velocity Care explains anemia and its symptoms
According to the American Society of Hematology, anemia affects more than 3 million Americans. Those most diagnosed with anemia include preschool-aged children and pregnant women.
What is anemia?
Anemia is a shortage of red blood cells in the body.
What causes anemia?
Red blood cells carry oxygen bound together by hemoglobin and transfer that oxygen from the lungs to the heart so it may pump blood to the rest of the body. Anemia occurs when there is a low count of red blood cells, hemoglobin or a decrease in iron in the body.
Food choices are normally a leading cause and cure for the illness. A decrease in iron consumption causes an iron deficiency that leads to anemia. Women who are in their childbearing years are most affected by anemia because they lose iron during menstruation.
Symptoms of anemia
If you experience the following symptoms, you may want to speak with a doctor to determine if you are suffering from anemia.
- Difficulty concentrating.
- Increase in heart rate.
- Chest pain.
- Pale skin.
- Rapid breathing.
Types of anemia
There are three main types of anemia – the most common being iron-deficiency.
- Iron-deficiency anemia.
Hemoglobin is iron-rich protein that holds oxygen in the red blood cells. Loss of iron reduces production of hemoglobin. This type of anemia is generally easily treated with:
- Iron supplements.
- Vitamin C supplements.
- Dietary adjustments.
- Aplastic anemia.
An interruption of red blood cell production in the bone marrow or the production of irregular red blood cells causes aplastic anemia. Treatment options include:
- Various medications.
- Blood transfusion.
- Sickle cell anemia.
This hereditary blood dysfunction causes abnormal production of hemoglobin, which results in clogging during flow of circulation in small vessels. Treatment options include:
- Blood transfusion.
Anemia can affect anyone. Most people don’t learn they have it until they have to run blood diagnostics for other reasons. Many people discover they are anemic when they try to give blood and find their iron levels are too low. If you have more than one of the listed symptoms, consider visiting a walk-in urgent care center for a full checkup.
Remember, Velocity Care Urgent Treatment Center is always ready to answer any questions or concerns you may have about how you are feeling. If you have any concerns about anemia, visit a walk-in clinic today.
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