Velocity Care looks at 6 types of depression and how they differ
Many people believe there is only one type of depression and that everyone who suffers with this illness falls into the same category of symptoms and treatment options. This, however, is not the case. There are many types of depression and each is unique.
What is depression?
Depression is a mental disorder that can affect anyone, at any age. Many factors can cause depression, some biological and some environmental, and the illness can present with a wide variety of symptoms. Depression can affect your mood, your ability to concentrate and even your ability to interact socially. This disorder can affect every aspect of your life, which is why proper diagnosis and prompt treatment is important for your well-being.
The different types of depression
Depression comes in many shapes and sizes. The type and severity of the symptoms and the cause of the depression all make for a unique diagnosis of this disease. Here we will explore the six most common types of this disorder:
- Major depression.
Major depression is when you are experiencing feelings of sadness, loss of interest, unexplained changes in weight, sleep disruptions, anxiety and feelings of guilt and worthlessness. You may even contemplate suicide. More than one of these symptoms must be present for extended periods of at least two weeks or longer. A doctor may recommend therapy sessions or prescribe antidepressant medications to help treat major depression.
- Bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depression. With this condition, you will experience feelings of excessive energy and high moods that are quickly followed by periods of extreme lows and feelings of sadness. There are prescription medications available that can help to stabilize your mood, bringing these mood swings under control.
- Postpartum depression.
This particular type of depression occurs in some women after they have given birth. It is caused by a combination of physical factors, such as a drastic change in hormones, and emotional factors, like sleep deprivation and anxiety. You are at higher risk of developing postpartum depression if you have suffered from other types of depression or mental illnesses in the past. The symptoms of this type of depression will usually resolve within two weeks once hormone levels return to normal. If they persist for a longer period of time, a visit to the urgent care clinic is in order.
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).
PMDD is a condition that affects females right before – or at the start of – their menstrual cycle. Rapid and severe hormonal fluctuations are usually the cause of this type of depression. Along with the regular symptoms of depression, someone suffering from PMDD may also experience irritability, fatigue, mood swings and the feeling of being unable to cope.
- Seasonal affective disorder (SAD).
Seasonal affective disorder (also known as SAD) is a type of depression that usually only occurs in the winter months. It happens when the days begin to get shorter and there is less daylight. This type of depression usually goes away on its own in the spring and summer seasons. You can take medications temporarily to help with the symptoms of this type of depression or your doctor may recommend light therapy. You can use a special light at home, which replicates the sunlight. Sitting in front of this light for 30-60 minutes each day can help to reduce the symptoms of SAD.
- Situational depression.
Also known as adjustment disorder, situational depression is a direct result of experiencing a stressful situation or a traumatic event. Going through abuse, the death of a loved one, the loss of your job or an accident could all bring on feelings of depression and anxiety. Often the best course of treatment for this type of depression is talk therapy with a designated counselor or therapist. Talking through your problems can help you identify why you’re feeling down and help you feel better.
No matter which type of depression you may have, it’s important to remember that you aren’t alone and that there are people who want to help you. At Velocity Care Urgent Treatment Center, we want you to know we’re always here for you and can help you work through any medical problem that you may be facing. We have just opened a new clinic in Natchitoches, Louisiana, to help serve you better, and we have other conveniently located walk-in clinics throughout Louisiana and Arkansas.
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