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  Shelby Leith   January 20, 2017   Illness, Skin, Allergy 0 Comments

What causes eczema?

Learn the symptoms, causes and treatment options for this common skin condition

Eczema is most common in childen, but anyone can get it.More than 35 million Americans will suffer from eczema at some point in their lives. This irritating, itchy skin condition is most common in children under the age of 5, but may appear in anyone at any age.

What are the symptoms of eczema?

Eczema occurs almost anywhere on the body. It’s most common on the inner elbows, behind the knees and on the face, neck and hands. When an outbreak of eczema appears, the following symptoms are usually present:

  • An itchy area of skin.
  • A burning sensation.
  • Warm, tender, inflamed skin.
  • Red, dry or scaly skin.
  • Red bumps that may ooze.
  • Rash or hives.

What causes this skin condition?

Skin concerns can be frustrating to deal with, especially when you aren’t sure where the skin condition stems from.

There are two main causes of eczema: atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis. Here we will explore these two conditions further:

  • Atopic dermatitis: This is the most common cause of eczema. It is a hereditary disorder and most often first appears in children. Frequently, this condition will go away on its own as children age, but some will still experience outbreaks throughout adulthood. The exact cause of this type of eczema is unknown, but it’s most commonly seen in those with a family history of the condition and those with seasonal allergies and hay fever.
  • Contact dermatitis: Contact dermatitis is caused by exposure to a substance or chemical that causes either an allergic reaction or irritates the skin. Allergic reactions are triggered by an immune response and can cause itching, redness, hives and rashes. One example of contact dermatitis caused by an allergy is poison ivy. Being exposed to harsh chemicals or detergents can also cause this condition as they break down the protective outer layers of the skin, causing the symptoms of eczema to occur.

What are my treatment options?

The best way to protect your skin is to try and prevent the symptoms of eczema from occurring in the first place. Avoid any allergy-causing substances and protect your skin when using any chemicals or detergents that may be harmful. If the symptoms of eczema do occur, there are many at-home and over-the-counter remedies that are helpful.

  • Cool, moist compresses help to relieve the itching and burning sensations.
  • Oatmeal baths soothe irritated skin.
  • Topical hydrocortisone creams purchased at your local pharmacy provide relief from itching while reducing inflammation.
  • Phototherapy exposes the affected area to special lights, which help to heal them.
  • Prescription medications help to reduce the severity and frequency of eczema outbreaks.

The time of year may affect your skin, especially the dry winter months and the springtime when pollen counts are high. Velocity Care Urgent Treatment Center is here to help you deal with eczema. We work hard to ensure you and your loved ones aren’t suffering long from this itchy, uncomfortable skin condition. Seek relief today at any of our walk-in clinics in Arkansas and Louisiana.

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Medical disclaimer

This site offers medical, health, fitness and nutritional information and is designed for educational purposes only. General information found on this website is not intended to diagnose any medical condition or to replace your health care professional.  If reading after hours, one option for treatment is to seek an urgent care or  walk-in clinic for medical advice. 

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